Cape Town is Drying Out
South Africa's Cape Town could be the first metropolis to run out of water. For years the city has been plagued by a once in a century drought, and the reserves in the dams are threatening to dry out. "Day Zero", the day on which there is no more water in the pipes, could just be averted - but the state of emergency remains in force. Since the beginning of the year, each resident has only been allowed to consume 50 litres of water a day. For comparison: In Austria, consumption averages 135 litres per day. Reporter Patrick A. Hafner shows what life is like in South Africa when there is no more running water in public buildings and shopping centres and how you have to get drinking water with canisters from public water collection points in a megacity, because the police hunt all those who do not follow the emergency measures.
In a critical, humorous, and honest manner, #SINGLE
human mating behavior in the 21st century
through the worldwide phenomenon of online dating,
its background, and its impact on our society.
The mechanisms of the platforms are questioned
just as critically as today's forms of relationship and
USA - In the Grip of Drugs
Every day more than 90 people die in the USA of a drugs overdose or the effects of years of substance abuse. Records for regions from Detroit to the Rust Belt to the South West reveal an unprecedented opioid epidemic, which has led President Trump to declare a state of emergency due to the impact of the crisis on the US economy as a whole. Many people cannot find work because they are unable to pass obligatory drugs tests, and whole families are being torn apart. Benedict Feichtner has been to the USA to speak with those affected, and to doctors and officials. He shows how the drugs crisis reveals the deep social crisis in the country, how drugs are now affecting the American middle classes, with children, mothers and fathers, black and white, suffering from addiction.
Hungary - Right Wingers in the Center
Hungary has moved so far to the right under authoritarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban that the EU is showing signs of alarm. Orban has brought the media almost completely under his own control and turned the justice and education systems upside down. Discussions are even being held on firearms lessons for pupils and on the construction of firing ranges on school grounds.
It's been four years since Russia annexed the Ukrainian peninsula of the Crimea. For Russia's President Putin, the annexation of Crimea was a matter of prestige: he even held this year's Presidential elections on the anniversary of the annexation. Life in Crimea has changed under Russian rule: although the economy is stagnating under Western sanctions and jobs are scarce, most Russians in the Crimea are happy and proud to be part of Russia again.
Russia - Generation Putin
Vladimir Putin has headed up Russia for 19 years, first as Prime Minister and now in his third term as President. A whole generation of young Russians has known nothing else. Many of them are devoted and enthusiastic supporters; for the most part, critics keep to the background for fear of repression. Under Putin's Presidency, Russia has taken an increasingly authoritarian turn.
Body eats Soul
Since their emergence, social media have confronted young women more intensively than ever before with unattainable ideals of beauty. Key reasons for this are the constant availability of images and the accessibility of artificially enhanced images on a daily basis. So called influencers act as role models on Instagram and often present themselves in illusory digital worlds focused on insubstantial beauty issues.
Italy's migrant workers
Italy is currently the country in Europe that takes in the highest number of refugees. The majority of refugees and illegal immigrants come from Africa. Many of the men take badly paid jobs helping harvest fruit and vegetables in the fields of Southern Italy, while many of the women end up in brothels or as prostitutes. The Mafia has identified the illegal movement of refugees as business opportunity and is profiting from the misery of people looking for a safe place to live. ORF Italy Correspondent Mathilde Schwabeneder reports.
14th May 1948: Israel
This year Israel celebrates its 70th anniversary: the Jewish state was founded with the support of the UNO in May 1948, three years after the end of the Second World War and the Holocaust with its six million Jewish victims. The Palestinians who fled or were driven out of the territory view this day as a catastrophe that was followed by war and occupation. Today, Israel stands as much for high tech and start ups as it does for a daily existence under the constant threat of terror and war, as much for open, liberal people as for ultra orthodox Jews and extreme right wing Jewish settlers.
Abortion Rights in Ireland
In early summer, Ireland will be one of the last countries in the EU to vote on whether to allow the termination of pregnancies. A strict catholic country, Ireland has the most restrictive abortion ban after Poland and Malta. Termination of pregnancy is even banned in cases of rape and is punishable by a prison sentence of up to 14 years. Every year thousands of Irish women are forced to travel abroad to obtain abortions, or to risk unsafe and illegal abortions in their own country.
How Healthy is our Bread?
More and more people are suffering from wheat and gluten intolerance. Wheat protein was long considered to be the cause of this scourge, and today gluten free products are on all the supermarket shelves. However, there is now increasing suspicion that it is not wheat but how it is processed that makes bread a potentially unhealthy food. Industrial processes simply do not give bread enough time to mature. More and more bakeries are reacting to this by introducing former production methods and ingredients such as champagne rye, emmer or in vogue chia seeds. Bread is baked according to old recipes, sometimes using home grown and home milled grains.
On the Run with Books
What do you take with you when you suddenly have to emigrate to a foreign country? For the many Jews who succeeded in fleeing Germany and Austria in the 1930s, the answer to this question was clear: books. It could have been a stout pair of shoes, a good jacket or other practical items, but many Jewish emigrants chose German language cultural and intellectual history instead: Goethe, Schiller, Heine, Schnitzler, Rilke and of course Theodor Herzl. This film traces what happened to the people and their books right up to the present day.
Lebanon - A Lost Generation
Most of the people who would be the greatest help in rebuilding Syria after the war are not able to read or write. A feudal system established by the chiefs of the unofficial refugee camps is forcing children as young as eight to work in order to pay off the debts of their families. Since the camp bosses bear the families' transport, food and accommodation costs, the families are compelled to provide cheap labour in return. The difficulty of breaking out of this dependency is illustrated by children who have to undertake heavy labour every day to ensure their families' survival.
The Efficient Chicken
Austrians love chicken. Chicken and eggs are on the menu almost every day. Whilst consumption of pork and beef is stagnating, consumption of chicken is increasing sharply. Every Austrian currently eats up to 15 kg of it per year. And industrial agriculture is at last reacting to this boom. Modern and efficient rearing systems guarantee rapid growth, above all of breast meat. An industrial chicken can now lay well over 300 eggs per year. But there is one group that loses out in all this: the chickens themselves.
China - The New World Power
As Xi Jinping announced at the end of the Party Congress, China stands on the brink of a glorious age. And the Party rejoiced: we have a great leader again at last! If it wasn't clear before the Communist Party of China's Party Congress last autumn, the whole world now knows that China has big ambitions. President Xi Jinping brought the party back into line and presented himself as a powerful and undisputed leader. He is sure to gain the support of the Chinese people as long as the economy continues on its upward path and the Chinese have a strong belief in a glorious future for China.
Start Ups - Behind the Scenes
An emotional rollercoaster ride in the world of startups, with insights into the living and working world, of a generation that wants to improve our world with new ideas.
Colombia - From Drugs and War to Economic Upturn
Der kolumbianische Präsident Juan Manuel Santos ist am Freitag, 26. Jänner 2018 auf Staatsbesuch in Österreich. Bundespräsident Van der Bellen will mit der Einladung den Respekt für die Friedensarbeit des Präsidenten ausdrücken. Unter seiner Führung hat die Regierung 2016 ein historisches Friedensabkommen mit den Rebellen unterzeichnet, für das der Präsident mit dem Friedensnobelpreis ausgezeichnet wurde. Seither gehen Entwaffnung und Re-Integration der früheren Kämpfer zügig voran. Die Schrecken des jahrzehntelangen Bürgerkrieges in Kolumbien werden langsam Geschichte: Als Paradebeispiel für die Schaffung einer Friedenskultur und -infrastruktur gilt ausgerechnet die einst gefährlichste Stadt der Welt, Medellín. Die frühere Drogenhochburg von Pablo Escobar ist zum Vorbild im Kampf gegen die Gewalt geworden und zum Motor des kolumbianischen Aufschwungs. Man setzt auf Begegnungszonen und ehrgeizige öffentliche Bauplanung in Absprache mit der Bevölkerung. Verwahrloste Armenviertel wurden mittels Seilbahnen und Rolltreppen erschlossen, auf den Hügeln Kindergärten, Parks, Büchereien und Museen gebaut. WELTjournal-Reporterin Julieta Rudich hat in Medellín Akteure dieser Verwandlung getroffen: Guerilleros, Militärs und Armee - Menschen, die sich bis vor kurzem bekämpft haben - diskutieren und kochen gemeinsam. Sogar eine Hochzeit wird gefeiert. "Wir müssen Begegnungsräume schaffen, denn mit Sicherheitskräften allein kommt man nicht weiter", erklärt der renommierte Kulturberater Jorge Melguizo, "Das Gegenteil von Unsicherheit ist das Miteinander."
All Eyes On the Mediterranean Route
Discussing the current situation of the sea routefrom Libya to Europe.
Angela Merkel's Last Election
How does the crisis-prone chancellor Angela Merkel deal with enormous political challenges?
Who brought about catastrophes such as 9/11 or Charlie Hebdo? Who pulls the strings? Watch as social media forces us to find whole new ways to fight these conspiracies.
Retort Cities - How India Plans Progress
The Indian government is all geared up for growth. In the next 20 years, over 300 Million people will move from the countryside and settle into towns. This will lead to an enormous new market. The government had initially announced the future constructions of 100 new megapolises. But the project has become even more ambitious. So-called «smart cities» are currently being designed and will provide living spaces and jobs for an emerging middle class. Whereas developed, traditional towns usually feature dated and completely swamped buildings; the latest technologies will be at the core of these «Smart Cities». Energy sources shall be renewable and traffic jams shall belong in the past once transport systems become remote-controlled and the inhabitants' safety will be ensured by a forward-thinking surveillance system. But all the farmers currently cultivating these lands are turning their backs to the government's proposal and rejecting the rural exodus which is expected of them.
Mexico - A Great Wall
There is no country more affected by the change of government in the USA than Mexico. The plans and ideas of the new American president range from the building of a wall to mass deportation. Even during the election campaign, the Mexican community was stigmatized as drug dealers and rapists. Mexican citizens now want to stand up against this hostility of their neighboring country, but domestic political tension might prevent their intentions.
UK - Starting Shot Brexit
After UK's vote to quit the European Union - what is the outcome of the British referendum? How has economy fared since the Brexit vote?
Castles and Palaces
Hochosterwitz Castle, Landskron Castle and the Kraig Castles are just some examples from the long list of imposing castles and aristocratic stately homes in Austria's southernmost state. The Middle Ages are particularly visible in Friesach: there aren't just three very diff erent castles all within sight of each other here. The town is also indulging in a 'new' castle that has been under construction since 2009, using exclusively medieval construction techniques. The project is more than just a laboratory for 'experimental history'; it has also become a tourist magnet. The construction of Siegfriedstein Castle is used by the fi lm's director Gernot Stadler, as a starting point for a journey through Carinthia's castle landscape and a nostalgic trip into the past - everyday castle life complete with medieval cooking.
France - The Fear of Marine Le Pen
The rise of the president of the right wing party 'National Front' hit headline news worldwide. What are Marine Le Pen's political goals and how is she going to achieve them? This documentary shows Marine Le Pen throughout her election campaign, talking to political opponents, including her father Jean-Marie Le Pen, who she excluded from the party.
Netherlands: right-wing populist or liberal?
On 15th March there will be a general election to choose a new Dutch government. The outcome is uncertain. Will the right-wing populist Geert Wilders be the prime minister in a right-wing coalition? With his anti-Islam stance, Wilders has ushered in a transformation of Dutch politics. He wants to close all the mosques, re-impose border controls, bar the country to Muslim immigrants. And following the British example, Wilders is demanding that the Netherlands leave the EU. Like other right-wing politicians in Europe, he is profiting from dissatisfaction with established politics. Drastic cuts in social services and health spending have added fuel to the fire. Alexander Steinbach reports for WELTjournal from a country that was once the poster- boy for liberal values and tolerance, and analyses the political and social situation in the run-up to the election, which could point the way ahead for the whole of Europe.
Mann gegen Frau - Lieben und Leiden auf Ägyptisch
Ihr engagiertes Auftreten beim Arabischen Frühling hat Ägyptens Frauen keinen Wandel gebracht: Ein selbstbestimmtes Leben zwischen Politik und Sexualität, zwischen Moderne und Tradition ist angesichts der fortschreitenden Islamisierung schwieriger denn je.
Techno Sapiens - The Future of the Human Species
The boundaries between man and machine, between technology and nature, are becoming increasingly blurred and might even disappear completely in the future. Information technology, genetic engineering and nanotechnology are not only making considerable inroads into society, but also more and more directly into human nature. The day when Homo sapiens is able to consciously design and radically change himself is not far away. A far-reaching optimisation of the human race using both existing and future technology seems to be the next logical step that mankind will take to bring himself closer to perfection.
Turkey - Quo Vadis
What was going on during the coup attempt, the mass arrest and mass dismissal in Turkey and how did it affect the political sentiment?
»My Kabul« takes us on a journey though the colourful history of the 4-million-habitant city at the Hindu Kush. The documentary provides insight into how Kabul's music scene is strongly linked to Austria, reveals the secrets of Afghan art and Features the once powerful Taliban spokesman, who spent years in Guantanamo Bay prison, speak about the incredible violence against women.
China - The Largest City in the World
Outside of China the largest city in the world is hardly known: Chongqing at the Yangtze Kiang is as big as Austria in size, has around 30 million inhabitants and continues to grow. Unlike the developedcities in the eastern coastal areas that are only growing slowly, the speed of growth and development is even rising in China's interior.
North Korea - Marathon for the People
North Korea is one of the most isolated countries in the world - and yet it gives sports enthusiasts the unique opportunity to participate in a marathon through the capital Pjongjang. Dozens of international runners use the huge event also to find out more about the country and ist people, about military and nuclear programs or about their cautious modernization.
Paphos - No Man's Home
What happens to a society in which every fifth is forced to leave his home and live at someone else's place? When Cyprus was politically divided in 1974, large parts of the population were forcefully moved. 200,000 people, almost 20% of the entire Population were affected. Whole villages have even lost their entire original population. This movie tells the story of this cultural dislocation from the critical perspective of two young Cyprians. They represent a young generation full of intelligent, self-confident and politically interested Cyprians who want to part with their parents' and grandparents' deadlocked standpoint regarding the Cyprus dispute and its consequences- and this, without losing track of their cultural roots. They also meet two strong Cyprian women who, in the past few years, shaped the reappraisal of the conflict their own way.
Hillary vs. Donald - A Nation Divided
Donald Trump was nominated the presidential candidate of the Republicans in mid-July. Displeasing the party-establishment, the rude billionaire unexpectedly won the primaries, but right until the end, leading republicans denied supporting him. Situated in the Midwest, Ohio is considered «The Real America». Whoever wins Swing-State Ohio during the presidential election campaign has a high chance of moving into the white house. At least that's what statistics say. Hannelore Veit met people from all over Ohio, people who are rarely heard of in the headlines. From the coal region in the Southeast, via the cities of the Rust-Belts and the land of the farms, right to Lake Erie in Cleveland. Among the people she has met, there are passionate Trump fans, as well as people who would never vote anything else but a democrat.
Poland - Heading Right
First Hungary, now Poland - a massive swing to the right is taking place in Eastern Europe. Since Poland's nationalist party holds office, an authoritarian style has taken over: free media are under pressure, militias are formed, civil rights are limited and abortions to be forbidden again. While some are afraid of losing democracy, others support the politics of their government. Jakub, around 27 years old is a member of a paramilitary group in the east of Poland. Marching, shooting, fighting - exercises for the case of an emergency. He wishes for more border controls and is against the Schengen Agreement. Marija is 23 and claimed during the Corpus Christi procession in Cracow that she's in favor of tightening the abortion law as planned by the government. An abortion should only be possible if the mother's life is threatened, but not after a rape or due to serious disabilities. Parts of the Polish civil society are against it and call for demonstrations against the government's politics.
The industrial city of Donetsk in the Ukraine was probably only known before the war thanks to its football club, Shakhtar, but hit the international headlines with the advent of fighting two years ago. The renegade Donetsk is the stronghold of the pro-Russian separatists and the influence of Russia is - not least because of the Ukrainian embargo - becoming ever greater. «My Donetsk» provides an insight into the working conditions in this war-torn, crisis-hit region. It shows the political conflicts, the turmoil of war in Donetsk and the arduous reconstruction. The gloss of the pre-war era has gone, but the opera and theatre continue to stage performances. The football stadium serves as a hub for aid of all kinds. The suburbs are still under fire today, but in the centre of Donetsk the people strive to live as normal a life as possible - a life in an unstable equilibrium - neither war nor peace, with a political solution further away than ever.
In Need of Men - The image of Men is Changing
What is a «typical man» or a «typical woman»? Which ideals have been linked to manliness and femaleness over the course of time? The fathers who used to fight in the Second World War passed on their ideals of manliness, orderliness, discipline and conscientiousness to their sons and grandsons. They started rebelling in 1968. At the same time, feminism and feminist movements were constantly present, followed by quota policy and Sex Discrimination Acts. Clear evidence that male confessions don't always sync with mental insights.
I Dream in German
«We will manage.» The familiar sentence from Angela Merkel has become a byword for positivity in the migration debate. However everyone agrees on one thing: the refugees should be «integrated» into their host countries as quickly as they can be to minimize the financial and political consequences as far as possible. But what does «integration» actually mean? To what extent may people retain their own ideas of religion, values, right and morals and still be thought of as integrated? A documentary from Austria, Germany and Sweden which seeks to examine in detail what integration really means and how it can be successful.
Here and Staying - What Migrants Think About Refugees
For them too, it was hard at first: migrants who came to Austria years ago first had to learn the language and then find their place in society. What do they think now - after many years being established in the country - about the refugees currently arriving in Austria? A film with migrants about their view of the new arrivals.
Digital, Flexible, Redundant - Who will have a Job tomorrow?
More and more people are working from their own sofa, the coffee shop, or from one of the new flexible work centres with the look of a living room. This offers more freedom and autonomy, but demands more selfcontrol and self-organization, and let turn employees into entrepreneurs. The pressure is increasing; many are dropping out, and not by choice. Burn-out is one of the symptoms of a performance- obsessed society. Fifty percent of today's jobs will become automated in the next 20 years.
Inside a Volcano
A look at Icelands National Team and its road to the European Football Championship in 2016.
Natascha Kampusch - 10 Years after her dramatic Escape
Her destiny made headlines around the globe: 1998 abducted on the way to school, Natascha Kampusch had disappeared without a trace. On August 23rd 2006, eight and a half years after her disappearance, the 18-year old girl succeeded to escape from the prison of her torturer Wolfgang Priklopil. Ten years after of her dramatic escape ORF presents a new documentary, following Natascha Kampusch on her difficult way back into a normal life. 50 minutes consisting of exclusive interviews and touching archive material as well as intimate scenes of her private life allow the viewer to sympathize very closely her attempt to fight against conspiracy and hostility. "During the past decade, I only felt free in a few moments. After I've returned home from captivity, I returned into a life in prison - a prison full of judgments and convictions." ORF's Chrstoph Feurstein has exclusively interviewed Natascha Kampusch, her family and friends., gaining insight into her daily life and accompanying her during her riding lesson, at work at a goldsmith and her return to the place of her captivity - the house of Wolfgang Priklopil - for the first time.
Brexit - Fears of a "domino effect"
After the surprising decision of UK's voters to quit the European union, our local reporters discuss whether the outcome of the British referendum might trigger a domino effect in other EU member states like the Czech Republic or the Netherlands and provide exclusive insights: According to surveys, more than half of the Czech lack confidence in the European Union. Therefore Czech MEP Petr Mach has already prepared a guidebook "How to exit from the European Union".In the Netherlands, right-wing politician Geert Wilders twittered "Bye-bye Brussels, the Netherlands will be next". The majority of the Dutch support an exit-referendum in the Netherlands.In comparison to the Netherlands, the situation in Spain is totally different with practically no anti-European tendencies. At Spain's south border thousands of workers fear that the Brexit could not only hinder them to work in the British territory of Gibraltar, but also that the trade relations with the UK could suffer.
Europe's New Fronts
For a long time, Europe has looked at itself as an example that will determine the future of the societies around us. The fall of the Iron Curtain and the Orange Revolution were regarded as emergences to Europe. But that seems to be over now. In Hungary, Ukraine and Russia, political movements are on the rise, movements that see Europe's open society either as the concept of an enemy or as obsolete. ORF-reporter Christian Schuller visited the political hot spots at Europe's borders and got to the bottom of «Europe's new fronts». In Hungary he shows how an EU-country turns away from European values and the resulting consequences on everyday life. However, for many in Ukraine, Europe still means hope. Despite the disappointment, because Europe doesn't support Ukraine more actively against the Russian neighbours. In Russia on the other side, the people balance between deep suspicion of European influences and longing for a European future together.
Erdogan - Machtmensch am Bosporus
Mit der Schließung der Balkanroute und dem Deal mit der Türkei hat die EU den Zustrom an Flüchtlingen und Einwanderern vorerst begrenzt, doch der Preis dafür ist hoch: Europa muss dem türkischen Präsidenten Erdogan Zugeständnisse bei seinem autoritären Kurs machen - und bleibt doch erpressbar. Erdogan hält Millionen Flüchtlinge in der Türkei zurück. Dafür drückt die EU beide Augen zu, wenn der Präsident Medien, Justiz und Kritiker aller Art in die Knie zwingt und etwa den Chefredakteur der regierungskritischen Tageszeitung "Cumhuriyet" Can Dündar lebenslang hinter Gitter bringen will. Die türkische Gesellschaft ist nach fast eineinhalb Jahrzehnten Herrschaft von Erdogans islamisch-konservativer AKP zutiefst gespalten und leidet unter alltäglicher Polizeigewalt, dem brutalen Krieg in den Kurdengebieten und Konflikten in Grenzstädten zu Syrien, in denen Türken längst zur Minderheit geworden sind. Ob Europa eine zweite große Flüchtlingswelle aus der Türkei erlebt, dafür hält Präsident Erdogan persönlich den Schlüssel in der Hand.
Fukushima - Living with Nuclear Disaster
On 11 March 2011 a devastating tsunami occurred after an earthquake measuring 9 on the Richter scale struck off the coast of northeast Japan. As a result the Fukushima nuclear power station experienced a power cut, leading to the worst-case scenario: the largest civilian nuclear disaster after Chernobyl. Five years later the situation still isn't under control at the nuclear power plant. There are problems removing thousands of tons of radioactively contaminated cooling water. Even so, the authorities want a rapid return of the evacuees. To this end, extensive decontamination work is taking place. Areas are gradually being cleared for resettlement. Few want to move back, but many don't have a choice. 'Fukushima - Living with Nuclear Disaster' depicts the human tragedy of this nuclear catastrophe.
Olympic Fever in Rio
More than 15,000 athletes and tens of thousands of coaches, support staff and spectators are expected to travel to the Olympic Games in Rio de Janeiro this August. Following the controversial hosting of the football World Cup two years ago, Brazil is on the verge of its next great sporting event, yet Brazil's economy is mired in crisis, the infrastructure is disastrous, and the security situation due to the still enormous inequality is challenging. This World Journal visits the city to find out more, taking in diverse areas from Copacabana to Sugarloaf Mountain, from Rio's chic beach district of Ipanema with its hip cafes and restaurants, where even a simple evening meal can cost EUR100, to the favelas in the hills in the north of the city, the rough slums of Brazil.
Opening up Iran - A Chance for Business and Human Rights
For a decade Iran has been excluded from international trade because of its nuclear policies. With the ending of sanctions in mid-January, the Islamic theocracy has again stepped onto the international trade stage. Will this economic expansion also lead to socio-political change? Systematic human rights violations, arbitrary arrests and hundreds of executions still take place every year.
Life in the Shadow of the Mafia
The time of the great godfathers is over; today the Mafia is more discreet, efficient, and professional than in the days of Mario Puzo (1920-1999, author of The Godfather). The conspirative organization covers Italian society like a net. The more profitable a business activity, the more likely it is to be involved. This documentary shines a light on the 'Ndrangheta, the most powerful, dangerous, and mysterious Italian Mafia organization. Its estimated annual revenue: 53 billion euros. At that, the director made a scoop: She won over a so-called «pentita», a principal witness for an exclusive interview. This witness breaks the ironclad commandment of «omerta», the Mafia code of silence.
European Football Championship - France in a State of Emergency
France's national football team is seen as the benchmark for how things stand in terms of immigration and integration in the country. Many French players are migrants or come from families that immigrated from former French colonies in the Maghreb, sub-Saharan Africa or the Antilles. Many are Muslims and many grew up in the banlieus, the notorious suburbs. This World Journal aims to illustrate just how much the national team reflects the difficult relationship between France and its immigrants. Sometimes the players are the pride of the nation and a sign of successful integration, other times they are traitors of the people -French when they score the winning goal, otherwise Arabs.
Romania - The Scramble for Land
Austrian investors secure access to important resources in Romania. As early as 2002, Andreas Bardeau acquired 9,000 hectares of farmland in the Banat. Today he farms about 18,000 hectares with his son, making him one of the biggest foreign agriculture investors. With only 160 employees he produces 7,000 litres of milk a day and thousands of tons of grain per year. In addition to the amount realised, he annually collects 3 million Euros from Brussels agricultural funding coffers. Small farmers, however, who practise biological, sustainable agriculture on 20 hectares and raise traditional cow breeds, get no agricultural subsidies. That fate is shared by 70% of Romanian businesses. The dominant position of the Austrian is now bringing more and more critics to the scene.
Let's Talk about Land
The documentary accompanies Palestinians and their Israeli supporters protesting against Israeli settlements, which are built on Palestinian land. The film shows the then 14-year-old Israeli Ben, who was convinced that the two peoples should live together in one state. Today Ben is studying cognitive science and tells why he refused to do military service and what he now thinks of both peoples possibly sharing land and resources. The now 24-year-old Palestinian Ahmad underwent a trauma therapy nine years ago. Now he relates the fate of his brother locked up in an Israeli prison and his dreams of the future.
On the Run
26 year old cameraman Abdulmajid Raslan filmed the turmoil of war in Syria which made him the Assad government's as well as ISIS terrorists' sworn enemy. When his father was deeply injured by a sniper and his wife was expecting their child, Abdulmajid drew up a plan: he decided to pave his way to Europe with his father before reunifying the family there. But the way to Europe is a treacherous trail. An odyssey and a race against time begin as ISIS is getting closer and closer. Abdulmajid Raslan filmed the most important stations during this exceptional
The CO2 Massacre
An ever-growing world population and the generally accepted view that the economy must grow in order to prevent doom from making heavy demands from our planet's resources. Around the world, exploitation, depletion, and overfertilization cause problems like impoverished soil, dead rivers, and garbage-strewn oceans. Even in Europe, nature is increasingly shifting from a production factor to an object of speculation.
Vision Possible - Future Project Europe
The documentary Vision Possible - Future Project Europe deals with an outlook on a Europe of opportunity: What could life be like in thirty, forty, or fifty years? How can Europe survive in the face of climate change and energy crisis? How will the Internet of Things shape our world, and how will new technologies impact people's daily lives? The documentary develops the idea of a "Vision Possible", a viable, shapeable future of Europe, by presenting concrete examples, which are divided into three topics: The energy network, the digital network, and the social network. What if the oft-lamented "Mission Impossible", a scenario of bureaucracy, powerlessness, and crises, could become a «Vision Possible,» an attractive future project, a renewal, a redesign of the "European dream"? No one can predict the future, but meanwhile many can conceptualise it.
India - The Marriage Business I+II
Arranged marriages are still commonplace in India. NGOs hide young couples who don't want to be forced to get married; private investigators specialize in infidelity. Until today 90 % of all weddings in India are arranged by the bridal couples' parents, often supported by other relatives, professional matchmakers or even astrologers.
Iran - Generation Khomeini
In Iran today there is a generation that has grown up with the Islamic Revolution under Ayatollah Khomeini and that all its life has experienced the country almost always at odds with the rest of the world. Hardly anyone expects a true renewal of the country. Reformation is not possible, says an Iranian political scientist in exile, since most government critics have fled the country like him to escape arrest, or just to have a reasonable life. "Iran -- Generation Khomeini" has visited Iranian men and women to trace the sense of life of this generation.
The Baltic States - Russians in the EU
At the turn of the year, Latvia took over the EU Council Presidency for the first half of 2015. A delicate task because, just like the Latvians, the Russian minority in the country is worried about current affairs. Many Russians in the Baltic states today feel connected to Europe, but others still secretly lean towards Moscow. After the independence of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania 25 years ago, the former Soviet citizens had to find a new identity. This process, far from over, is not made easier by the Russian annexation of Crimea. Discontented Russians in particular might be susceptible to Putin's propaganda and his attempts to destabilize neighboring countries. At least that's what the non-Russian Balts fear.
The Caliphate's Children
More and more young people from Austria leave to fight for ISIS and are fascinated by the ideology of terror. 150 are already in Syria and Iraq, the youngest are barely 16. Around 2000 Austrian citizens sympathize with the radical ideas of the Jihadists, most of them are without prospects.
Nicole Kampl and Florian Matscheko came across these young people during their research in social media networks, and take a look at who these people are, where they come from and why they move.
An Accessible Life
The number of people with disabilities is increasing. According to the World Health Organization one in seven people worldwide are disabled - and are still facing barriers. Independent living, access to education and the professional world, existence-securing pensions, disability-friendly infrastructures are still not self-evident. This film presents four countries in detail that set an example in terms of accessible design. The USA was the first country where disability legislation has been defined in law. Sweden and Spain are well-known for their support for people with disabilities. In Sweden they offer a personal assistant on their side to handle the everyday life whereas in Spain the 40-years old Pablo Pineda was the first European with down syndrome that graduated at an
TTIP - Business Without Limits
Since the EU and USA have been involved in secret negotiations regarding a free trade agreement, criticism of the project has not ceased. The citizens and their elected representatives in the EU parliament feel deprived of their democratic rights. It is feared that in order to come to a deal with the Americans, the EU Commission might sacrifice important regulations and consumer rights in the name of free trade. But where do the differences actually lie between Europe and the United States? Are US citizens really less well protected against the interests of large corporations than Europeans? What is the situation regarding GM food and how about data protection? «Business Without Limits» looks for answers to these fascinating questions.
Europe: Young, Educated, Unemployed
Youth unemployment - a subject that is causing despair throughout Europe. In southern Europe in particular, an entire Generation is facing dark times. Even in Finland, a winner in the PISA educational rankings, youth unemployment stands above average. The EU has now recognised the urgency of the problem. By the end of 2015, six billion euros are to be spent on youth employment programmes - a negligible amount in comparison with that spent on rescuing the banks. This fascinating report shows, however, that there is also positive news for the young: promising projects in Italy, Finland and Portugal are seeking to bring to life the creativity of young people.
Feels Like Home?
All over Europe, independence movements are dominating the headlines. Especially Scotland,South Tyrol and Catalonia are well-known for their ideas of a separation in contrast to the mind of a united Europe. In September 2014 Scotland faces a future decisive vote after which it either receives the status as an independent country or will still be part of the United Kingdom. The same thoughts are shared in Catalonia, where over one Million people went on the streets of Barcelona to speak out their opinion. This documentary follows three peaceful activists with the same goal: independence and a new identity.
Last Exit: South Tyrol
This film follows the tracks of Nazi leaders escaping to South Tyrol after the end of the Second World War and shows the role of Catholic dignitaries and their support in aiding an escape.
Griaß di and Ciao. South Tyrol Seeks an Identity
South Tyrol - a region that was almost 100% German speaking became part of Italy and suddenly the familiar was replaced by the new. Today, the different
nations co-exist alongside one another, rather than with one another.
Pilgrimage Between Faith and Money
Two brothers and their Moslem father undertake a great journey - the islamic pilgrimage to Mecca, the largest annual gathering of Muslim people in the world. It is one of the five pillars of Islam, and a religious duty which must be carried out by every able-bodied Muslim who can afford to do so. During their journey they get to ask many questions: Why shall the birth house of Prophet Muhammad be torn down? How high will the Billion dollar investment rise to make 10 million out of 2,5 million pilgrims in 5 years? And who makes good money out of it? This fascinating journey leads, on its spiritual as well as journalistic way, through long-lost places right to the sanctuaries of Islam.
We are in a crisis: While Canada consistently has one of the worst organ donor rates in the Western world, its hospitals are overcrowded with patients who desperately need an organ transplant. And within Canada, Alberta is the province with the lowest donor rates. 40 per cent of patients die while waiting for an organ. Strongly character driven, the one-hour documentary «The Ward» features the work of the nurses, surgeons and physicians at the University Hospital in Edmonton, and Showcases the many challenges in the lives of the patients, capturing their daily trials and triumphs in their battle for survival.
Europe - Work Until You Drop
Europeans are living ever longer, whilst pension funds are becoming increasingly empty. In future, a well-deserved retirement at about 60 years old will no longer be possible. Right across the EU, the retirement age is gradually increasing - in Germany to 67 years of age, in the United Kingdom even to 70. Many countries are considering linking the retirement age to rising life expectancy - in which case even making the pensionable age 67 will no longer be enough. Whilst some work into their old age of their own free will, others work to supplement their meagre pensions. "Europe - Work Until You Drop" takes a trip through a Europe undergoing demographic change and visits senior citizens who are still working at an advanced age - between old age poverty and a quest for meaning.
Voices Of Transition
Voices of Transition allows the most important movers and shakers of the shift to biological agriculture to speak in their own words. French, British and Cuban farmers and scientists, 'Permaculture' activists and pioneers of the 'Transition Town' movement show how we can face the challenges of climate change, resource scarcity and imminent famine with radical new methods. These approaches all have one main feature in common - the possibility of building not just a more future-proof society, but also of happier, more liveable local communities.
Word of honour who doesn`t want to go to Rome - visiting the eternal city on the trails of Romans, good food, shopping or get to know more about the Vatican? Rome has many faces and a lot to tell. Have you already noticed that ROMA read backward means AMOR? The Italian correspondent Mathilde Schwabeneder declares her love to Rome where all roads lead to.
Peter Fritz attentively observes his current hometown: The ORF correspondent has been living in Berlin for 6 years - a city which changes constantly. Destroyed from the war and divided by political systems. Meanwhile it equally appeals to many entrepreneurs and tourists. Peter Fritz presents the Berlin Lifestyle.
Around 17 million people live in the Turkish metropolis Istanbul. The megacity at the Bosporus submits to a constant change. However, there are still people who live like 3000 years ago. Like the fishermen who have been existing there since the foundation of the city. ORF correspondent Christian Schüller accompanies one of the fishermen from Bosporus through his everyday life.
Paris, Brussels or London lifestyles they offer: Insights delivered by Weltjournal. Correspondents present their home town and work environment. It's Bettina Prendergast turn. She has been living in London for 7 years and shows which daily challenges she has to cope with, uncovers clichés and talks about how Austrians found a piece of home in London.
Lampedusa - No Island
«Lampedusa - No Island» shows a feuilleton style report that does not only feature the tragic refugee's fate but furthermore gives a realistic insight in the citizens' living situation. Is there a lighthouse that will show us the way out of the darkest chapter of the European Union's history? From a very personal point of view the audience accompanies the film maker to the biggest fears of people and finally finds hold where none was expected: at Lampedusa. During an extensive conversation mayor Giusi Nicolini makes clear the chances and possibilities of an actively arranged migration policy with «her» Island as an example.
Battleships Off The Peruvian Coast - Illegal Dolphin Hunt
Unnoticed from the rest of the world in Peru every year almost 15.000 dolphins are killed by humans. Not only that the fishermen sell the meat as "Chancho Marino" (seapig) on the local markets, in fact most of the Dolphins are sed as bait for the widespread shark fishing. For the first time completely new and unique film shots in HD reveal this practice of the complete Peruvian shark fishing fleet. Such a proof of the worldwide biggest organized Dolphin slaughter has never done before. Together with German biologist Stefan Austermuehle the audience will enter one of the boats and accompany the fishermen while hunting dolphins and fishing sharks. And the audience is not only witnessing this illegal business - viewers will also understand the tremendous problems that are caused by this: Most of the sharks are far too small and not allowed to be caught. Many of the female sharks are pregnant and even give birth while dying. And the hunt for dolphins as an endangered species in Peru is highly forbidden by law since 1997 - and nevertheless still is a daily routine on the fishers boats.
Betrayed Prayers - Egypt at the Crossroads
After the euphoria of the supposed "Arab Spring", Egypt, the heartland of the Islamic world, has slipped into nationwide winter. This documentary shows how, from the very beginning, the Egyptian military was instrumental in the large-scale protests by the masses against the corrupt long-time dictator, Hosni Mubarak, with the aim of seizing power themselves. There was thus an early betrayal of the revolt, which had been sustained by progressive Muslim and Christian sections of the population. The film shows how quickly the military allowed its mask to slip and at the same time set a trap against its actual enemy, the Muslim Brotherhood, and the fatal predicament that the latter found itself in as a result.
Tunisia - Hope dies last
Despite low prices, Tunisia's beaches and hotels are yawningly empty. Tourists still feel unsettled by the developments of the past three years. After the Arab Revolution began in Tunisia, pride, hope and concern now characterise the situation. Pride at having got rid of a dictator and not sinking into bloody conflict afterwards. Hope of becoming, with a new constitution, the most advanced Arab nation. And concern that the economy is not gaining momentum and that violent Islamists might yet sabotage the process of renewal. This report looks at whether Tunisians have something to celebrate three years after the revolution.
Mumbai Loved and Hated - Surviving in the Mega City
This impressive report portrays people of extreme contrasts that are connected by this megalopolis. Nowhere else in the world do rich and poor live so close to one another as in India's mega city of Mumbai. The Bollywood stars in their luxury apartments over the city look directly onto the slum huts of their neighbours, who as a norm, must survive on a budget of one or two euros a day. 55 per cent of Mumbai's inhabitants live in the slum, and these people will not allow themselves to be driven away, even if those who would like to give the city a modern and glamorous face lift wish that they would.This impressive report portrays people that are connected to this megalopolis in a very special way. Those, whose stories are representative of this city of extreme contrasts.
EU - Controversy Migration
In the last years hundreds of refugees from Africa and Asia have drowned crossing the Mediterranean as they fled their homelands. Some EU governments are opening the back door to well-todo foreigners, offering attractive deals: three million euros for EU citizenship. This documentary sheds light on Migration and the advantages and risks of the new era of mass movement.
Holidaying the Chinese Way
Thanks to its new-found prosperity, a billion-strong nation is able to go on holiday on a grand scale. «Holidaying the Chinese Way» follows China's new middle class to Hebei, in one of the most modern ski resorts in the country, to Hong Kong and Macao and to southern China, where they are attracted by heavenly tropical beaches. Does Chinese travel behaviour differ from that of westerners? How do people relax in the Middle Kingdom? Tourism for growing Chinese demands, such as in the world's largest casino in Macao, stands in contrast with the shady side of the new wanderlust, such as when the long-established population in impoverished areas are forced to yield to modern hotel complexes.
South America - The End of the Macho-Monopoly
This report examines what is behind the significant accumulation of leading female politicians in South America. In Dilma Rousseff a woman now heads Brazil, a country that is making the leap to a world economic power. In Argentina, Cristina Kirchner is, after Isabel Peron, the country's second female head of state. And in Uruguay, too, a woman is fighting towin the presidency. And whilst she is not expected to have a chance, her aim is to actively signal how important it is for South America's women to come to the fore. «The End of the Macho-Monopoly« shows how it has become possible for women to lead a continent that once was notorious for its unscrupulous military juntas.
Hardly no other european metropole fights with such a bad image like the capital city of Belgium, which is also the capital city of the European Union - Brussels. Since the 1950s it is a synonym that stands for a historic political project to unite a continent, that exists of enemies over centuries. Political visionaries meet political brakemen, visionaries meet modifier, progress meets standstill. Socially, cultural and especially in the architectural way worlds collide. The lack of concept and order take the Brussels mostly patiently towards in order to preserve their own individualism and also at the same time this typical variety: Not everything is running smoothly, but it works - almost like in the European Union, for which Brussels is the ideal location for EU capital offers. Brussels leaves no clear verdict about to - and thus no prejudice.
Sufi - Soldiers of Love
The Baye Fall belong to a Muslim fraternity in Senegal. They represent a form of Sufi Islam that is based on mysticism and asceticism. At the forefront is their love of God and their teacher, Ahmadou Bamba, the founder of their order. They see themselves as the exact opposite of the Islamic "preachers of hate" and like to call themselves "preachers of love". Religious tolerance as part of a multi-sectarian society and social solidarity above all with the poorest are among their most important guiding themes.
In their spirituality, the Sufi trance dances and their allegiance to the Mouride sheiks, they exhibit clear differences from other social and religious movements.
The Struggle for Housing - Unaffordable Living in Europe?
Immigration into large European cities is still growing strong. Living space in Europe's metropolises is going to be scarcer and more expensive. «The new urban combat» describes alternatives to escape this insanity: for example, in Hamburg no apartment may legally remain empty for more than four months. Another new option offers the so-called Cohousing, a planned community that consists of private apartments or houses that are supplemented by extensive communal facilities. However, this housing policy has practically failed in many towns such as in Paris, where there are more homeless people than in Germany. This documentary portrays people who work full time, but still lost their homes.
Iran - Life under Pressure
know that Tehran's most popular hospital is Jewish? The Sapihr clinic, located
in a poor neighborhood in the south of Iran's capital, offers treatment free of
charge to those in need. 99 percent of the patients are Muslims, but doctors
and nurses get their salary from the Jewish community. After the Iranian
Revolution, seven out of ten Jews left Iran. The remaining 30.000 claim that
they want to stay in a country that was populated by their ancestors, centuries
before Arab warriors brought Islam. Since 1979 Jews enjoy an ambivalent status
as a 'protected minority'.
This documentary gives an impressive insight of the Iranian minority's life under the double pressure of Islamic society and international sanctions and impresses with stunning comments of the people there.
The End of the Welfare State
All over Europe, governments are going on the offensive: the middle classes, and also the unemployed and young people are being expected to pay the bill for the crisis in the public finances.The austerity policies in the majority of EU countries are leading to job losses and salary cuts, to hopelessness and an undermining of the principle of solidarity in society. German experts already fear a state of affairs like that experienced during the Weimar Republic. And all this comes against a background of rising profits for big business and the banks. But resistance is growing. New protest campaigns are gaining increasing numbers of supporters, under the rallying cry, «We won't pay for your crisis!»
Europe - The New Migrant Workers
People are forming queues outside African consulates in Lisbon, more and more Portuguese are trying to find work in the former colonies, whilst at home the situation is hopeless. In Spain too, mass emigration has begun. Above all, there are young academics who are thronging to other EU countries and also trying their luck in South America or Africa. None of them wants to describe himself as an economic refugee or even as a guest worker. The connotations of these terms have been far too negative since Europe became a continent of immigration in the 1960s. This documentary examines the incipient change of direction in the flows of migration and finds that the doors to the economic boom countries on other continents are by no means as wide open to Europeans as they were in centuries gone by.
Climate change is considered to be the biggest risk to nature and mankind. The battle against it is the dominant topic of our times. The environmental organisations have elevated it to the number one priority, and the international community of nations is hoping to halt climate change by spending 100 billion dollars per year. But what is happening to this money? Do the projects actually protect people and nature? In «Climate Crimes» the film makers investigate climate protection and discover some distressing facts: away from global conferences and fine words, destructive mega projects are masqueraded as climate protection. Farmers who no longer produce any food, but instead grow gigantic monocultures with maize, great apes in Indonesia, whose basic of existence, the rain forest, is being destroyed by palm oil plantations ... A film that runs contrary to the zeitgeist of climate protection.
The Battle for Water
The battle for the elixir of life - water - is currently exciting public opinion in Europe. This has been triggered by fears that the EU might privatise the water supply.The basic question is: Is water a public commodity or is it ok to do business with it on a grand scale? For the EU Commission it has nothing at all to do with forced privatisation, but rather greater transparency in public procurement. Nevertheless, opponents see the common ownership of water being threatened by the commercial interests of big business. And critics fear that water is increasingly becoming a profit-making object of speculation. The consequences for consumers are always the same - lower water quality and increased costs. But is this all just scaremongering and unnecessary hysteria?
Spain - The Revolt Continues
Two years after the mass protests of the «Indignados» (indignants) on Madrid's Plaza del Sol, young Spaniards protest on the streets every day to express their desperation and anger. Today there are already over 6 million unemployed, whilst the board chairmen of Spanish companies continue to draw the highest annual salaries in the whole of the EU (on average EUR 1.1 million). The government has enacted new laws that open the floodgates to further mass redundancies. It is doing nothing against the evictions that have cast thousands of families into homelessness. And as if that wasn't explosive enough, corruption scandals in every political camp, including the royal family, continue to pile up. Meanwhile, a whole new generation is looking for exits outside of this political system.
The Red Billionaires
Thanks to the explosive economic boom of recent years, several thousand Chinese have become fabulously rich. On the whole, excellent relationships with the communist rulers were essential to the success of their businesses. Even if the new wealth of politicians' families and associates is a rather embarrassing subject at the current party congress, the majority of rich Chinese love their money and like to show what they have. The highlight of this documentary is an audience with China's current richest man.
Croatia - Fit for the EU?
The young Balkan state will join the European Union on 1st July. Many Croats are pleased that their country has been able to cast off the wounds of the past, and hope for an economic upturn. However, others fear rapid disillusionment. The tasks that Croatia still needs to accomplish before it accedes to the EU cannot be underestimated. From the EU perspective, the country's border protection leaves something to be desired, as does the efficiency of the courts and the Croatian justice system as a whole. And the problems of Croatia are reminiscent of Greece and other European crisis countries - high unemployment, low labour market flexibility, a high budget deficit, few prospects in the export sector and rampant corruption. A situation report from Croatia just a few weeks before it joins.
Rio de Janeiro - Peace to the Favelas
Brazil has a super-dynamic economy and Rio de Janeiro is one of the most beautiful and pulsating cities on earth. Yet in the vast poor quarters of the city, drug-related crime and naked violence have long been rife. Suppressing this violence is currently the city's greatest challenge. There are over a hundred slums that are ruled by armed drugs gangs and which have no infrastructure. For too long the state has ignored the needs of the poor. Together with special units of the military police, this documentary is about the visit to the Morro do Alemao favela, which until recently was known as the most dangerous part of Rio de Janeiro.
National Dreams - Hungary's Farewell?
How and why has a backwards-looking, national populist, right-wing regime with obvious support from the majority of the population established itself in Hungary - once a pacesetter of democratic reform in Eastern Europe? Andrea Morgenthaler, the award-winning German TV documentary-maker and Paul Lendvai, the distinguished Hungarian-born expert on Eastern Europe, show the causes and consequences of this dramatic change of direction through the prism of encounters with key figures from politics, culture, art and science.
Greece - An Opportunity out of Crisis?
The calamitous economic situation in Greece is hitting the young especially hard - despite having a good education their job prospects are precisely zero, with the unemployment rate among 15 to 24-year olds at almost 44 percent. In the fifth year of the economic recession, the crisis is affecting everybody. The typical Greek lust for life is scarcely to be seen any more - especially in the capital city, Athens, where people are fighting for their financial lives day by day. The reporter in this documentary spoke to the people in crisis-rocked Greece and, alongside fear and resignation, also found an iron will to fight for a better future.
Revolt of the Indignants - The Spanish Revolution
All around the world they are heading onto the streets to demonstrate against the arrogance of politicians and bankers. They call themselves the «99 percent» and want nothing less than a new society that is not subordinate to progress and growth. Be it Innsbruck, Athens or New York, the forms of global protest, the tactics and the demands are the same everywhere - more political co-determination, more chances for the «99 percent» and less influence on policy by the banking lobby. The starting point is Madrid, where the movement was initiated at the time of the Arab Spring.
Super Rich Despite the Financial Crisis
Never have so many Rolls Royces been sold as now, and never before has the luxury goods industry enjoyed such a boom as in the wake of the financial crisis. Though it sounds surprising, there is an easy explanation. The winners from the financial crisis are the rich and super rich. Whilst the middle classes are groaning under austerity packages and social cuts, the wealth of the rich has grown by as much as 17%. This ORFdocumentary reflects the parallel world of the rich and super rich to find out how they are succeeding in becoming ever richer.
Turkey - Self-Confident Women
Although politics remains men's business in Turkey, more and more women determine the fate of that country. Nowhere in Europe do so many women head multinational companies, run university departments and clinics and shape public debate as journalists and writers. On the otherhand, there are millions of Turkish women who have no chance of education or a profession.One fifth cannot read and write. Despite strictlaws, extreme acts of domestic violence andso-called «honour killings» of young girls are still the order of the day and covered by almost inviolable traditions. Christian Schüller has accompanied four strong women and shows how each in her own way attempts to break out of existing stereotypes. What unites them in spite of ideological differences and contradictions is the conviction: «Women change Turkey!«
Life on a Volcano
In the wake of the international financial crisis, Iceland was the first European country to teeter on the brink of national insolvency at the end of 2008. The country's three largest banks collapsed, and the government was brought down by the people's «cooking pot revolution». In the meantime, the economy has started to grow again, and the International Monetary Fund attests to Iceland's remarkable progress. The country owes its comeback not only to financial help from other countries, but also to a rigorous programme of savings. The political system has been renewed by unconventional means. Ordinary citizens are tasked with giving the country a new constitution and in the capital city, Reykjavik, a humour-based party is in charge. The dispute over the repayment of billions-worth of British and Dutch savings deposits may not yet be over, but the people are again looking to the future with confidence.
Bordering on Reconciliation - The Armenia-Turkey Issue
After almost a century of bitter enmity, representatives of the Turkish and Armenian governments signed a treaty providing for the establishment of diplomatic relations. If the parliaments of both countries ratify the agreement, soon the border between the two countries is expected to be opened. However, any rapprochement with Turkey is extremely contentious within Armenia, as to the present day Turkey denies any responsibility for the Armenian genocide. During the First World War, the Ottoman Young Turks killed over a million Armenians. For a long time Armenians fought to have these events internationally recognised as the first genocide of the 20th century. The genocide has now been recognised by most civilised countries - but not by Turkey. And for this reason many Armenians wonder if it is not perhaps a mistake to take steps towards reconciliation with their larger Turkish neighbor without an admission of guilt.