Economics without the Growth Diktat
In the globalized market, what counts is raising the nation's competitiveness at all costs. Failure results in reduced growth, lost jobs and the risk of escalating social conflict. Since the financial crisis in 2008, a new, active movement of growth-critical activists and scholars has emerged, who question the growth paradigm in a variety of ways. The globally networked degrowth movement deals with academic questions as well as very concrete life scripts for how life in a post-growth society can work in practice.
Our demand for raw materials is enormous and the mineral and ore mines can hardly keep up with the growing demand. Weirdly, we're surrounded by raw materials! They're in our cars, in the underground tunnels we use to travel to work, in the pavement that leads to our houses, in the bridges we cross, and they're in our homes. In European cities, there are approx. 4.500 kg of iron, 340 kg of aluminum, 200 kg of copper, 40 kg of zinc and 210 kg of lead attributed to each inhabitant. Today, a 100-square-metre flat contains around 7,500 kilograms of metal. In urban mining, these raw materials are recovered at the end of their life cycle. This can cover about one third of the demand - or more, if attention is paid to this in the construction and design of products.
When the Water Rises - Escape from the Great Flood
The year 2100: Millions of people are forced from their homes in Mumbai, Tokyo, Guangzhou, and Bangladesh. The United States are not spared either: Miami, New Orleans and New York have been evacuated. Large parts of the cities are under water. Today 700 million people living in coastal areas are affected by the rising sea levels. Climate change is now irreversible, the polar caps are melting, sea levels are rising relentlessly. Island states such as the Maldives have disappeared under water. Will the sea itself be our future habitat?
Fair Trade Fashion
Every European buys an average of 15 kg of textiles per year. Only 1 % of the turnover comes from fairly produced fashion items. More and more companies are moving their factories back to Europe, producing and processing fabrics locally
Vegetable Waste - From the Field to Garbage
The numbers are terrifying: experts estimate that only a third of every 100 kg of vegetables cultivated in Austria ends up on a plate. The rest ends up in the bin. Dozens of tons of vegetables therefore end up in domestic biogas plants week after week. And sometimes, vegetables aren't even harvested because the price is not right, or the market is currently saturated.
How Dangerous is our Packaging?
From organic cucumbers to gluten-free bread - today, everything we buy is packaged and shrink-wrapped. Hardly any foods or beverages are available that don't come in some form of plastic packaging. But there is a danger that these packaging materials, with their artificial plasticisers, will seep into the food they wrap and find their way into our bodies. Each of us has a certain detectable plastic level in our blood. Consumer interest bodies have long demanded that packaging be listed in the product's ingredients. However, today, no one knows exactly what all the packaging is made of, and manufacturers keep silent about it. In addition to health issues, there are also environmental concerns.
Weltuntergang - Wie Kiribati im Meer versinkt
Der Inselstaat Kiribati erstreckt sich über alle vier Hemisphären: Er liegt nördlich und südlich des Äquators sowie westlich und östlich der internationalen Datumsgrenze. Fast alle Inseln sind sehr flach, sie erheben sich weniger als zwei Meter aus dem Wasser und sind deshalb vom Ansteigen des Meeresspiegels extrem bedroht. Das haben die schweren Katastrophen der vergangenen Jahre gezeigt: Der Zyklon Pam hat im Jahr 2015 zu schweren Überschwemmungen geführt und eine Spur der Verwüstung auf dem Inselstaat hinterlassen. Im Jahr darauf hat auch der Zyklon Winston schwere Schäden verursacht. Angesichts der steigenden Gefährdung begann Anote Tong die Weltöffentlichkeit auf das dramatische Schicksal seiner Heimat hinzuweisen. Und er setzte Maßnahmen, um seinem Volk das Überleben zu sichern. So erwarb er auf den Fidschi-Inseln 20 Quadratkilometer Land als mögliche neue Heimat für das Volk von Kiribati, wenn die Inseln endgültig überflutet sein werden.Doch was bedeutet es für Menschen, wenn sie ihre Heimat verlassen müssen? Sermary und Ato, ein junges Ehepaar aus Kiribati, hat diesen Schritt bereits gesetzt. Sie sind nach Neuseeland gezogen, um ihren Kindern eine sichere Zukunft zu ermöglichen. Filmemacher Matthieu Rytz hat seinen spektakulären Dokumentarfilm den Einwohnerinnen und Einwohnern von Kiribati gewidmet, in der Hoffnung, dass ihr Überleben gesichert wird.
The Price We Pay for Cheap Meat
Am Schauplatz-Reporter Klaus Dutzler und Beate Haselmayer zeigen Alternativen zum klimaschädlichen Fleischkonsum. In der Steiermark treffen sie die Landwirte Bernhard Monschein und Johann Hebenstreit. Ihre Soja-Toastanlage verarbeitet die Ernte von den umliegenden Feldern zu klimafreundlichem Futter für ihre Legehennen. Ein paar Kilometer weiter betreibt Schokoladehersteller Josef Zotter einen "essbaren Tiergarten". Er will vermitteln, dass Tiere Lebewesen sind und keine Produkte. "Schau Deinem Essen in die Augen und entscheide dann, wie groß Dein Schnitzel ist", lautet sein Aufruf zu bewussterem Fleischkonsum. Dem Schnitzel Konkurrenz machen könnten bald Pilze und Insekten. Im CO2-Test schneiden sie jedenfalls eindeutig besser ab.
Newton - Glacier Research
Scientists are measuring the biggest glacier in Austria and examining the state of it.
Newton - Creating a Modest Society
Experts who deal with economics and neurology give insights into the importance of cooperation and moderate economic development instead of competition and unlimited growth.
Newton - Electricity on the Road
The practice test shows the handling of the e-car from the first road tests to charging at a public charging station.
A Glass of Milk a Day
Farmers currently receive 30 cents for a liter of milk, mineral water is often more expensive in supermarkets. The fresh milk pack is often squandered by 60 cents. Never before has milk been so cheap and never had the farmers got so little money for your work. However, the true effects of the often emotionally led milk price debts are mainly felt by the cows. The annual milk yield of the animals has risen rapidly. From about 2000 liters in 1960, to today well over 10,000 liters.
And while the large trading chains and dairies are still applying their products with an alpine pasture-cow idyll, the reality of the animals is a completely different one. Scarcely a dairy cow can graze in a meadow, hardly a dairy cow keep their horns.
To give one liter of milk, high-breed races must pump nearly 400 liters of blood through their udders. Walter Obritzhauser, a Styrian cattle expert, says: "It is an incredible physical performance that provides a dairy cow, which is permanent high-performance sport."
With grass and hay, as dictated by nature for millennia, the dairy cow can not achieve any special benefits. Today, elaborate concoctions from the research departments of international corporations provide for the daily food.
The modern cow eats grain, rapeseed, soy, protein, amino acids and not infrequently even coconut, or palm fat. And because even the highly cultured dairy cow does not readily tolerate this kind of food, the animals are almost permanently in danger and are regularly treated with antibiotics.
Almost one third of all dairy cows land in a slaughterhouse annually because they have become ill and thus uneconomical. Klaus Dutzler went on a search through the whole of Austria to explore how the high-performance cow really is.
Österreich: Das gedämmte Land
Wärmedämmung gilt als selbstverständliche Maßnahme zum Schutz des Klimas. Doch Zweifel daran rühren sich, ob die wahre Klimabilanz der verpackten Häuser wirklich so positiv ist. Denn jedes Jahr werden Millionen Kubikmeter Plastik verbaut - ein riesiger Kunststoffberg, der in rund zwanzig Jahren wieder entfernt, vernichtet und erneuert werden muss. Die Bauindustrie hat den Trend zur Dämmung ebenso für sich entdeckt wie so mancher Zinshausbesitzer: in gedämmten Häusern kann man höhere Mieten verlangen. Schimmelbildung und Feueranfälligkeit sind allerdings Punkte, die manchem Haus-Dämmer zu denken geben. Regisseur Karo Wolm geht in seiner Dokumentation der Frage nach, welche Probleme die Hausdämmung löst - und welche sie erzeugt.
Newton - Smart Cities
What should the cities of the future look like? Urban planners are broadly in agreement that they should
Zu Beginn des 20. Jahrhunderts lebten gerade einmal zehn Prozent der Weltbevölkerung in Städten, heute sind es bereits 50 Prozent. Ende dieses Jahrhunderts wird die Menschheit eine überwiegend urbane Spezies sein. Das »Urban Age«, das Zeitalter der Städte, hat begonnen. Doch wie sollen sie nun aussehen, die Städte der Zukunft, wie funktionieren? Grün, effizient, technologisch fortschrittlich und vor allem nachhaltig sollen sie werden, so weit sind die Stadtplaner einig und konzipieren die Smart Cities der Zukunft.
Romania - The Scramble for Land
Austrian investors secure access to important resources in Romania. As early as 2002, Andreas Bardeau acquired 9,000 hectares of farmland in the Banat. Today he farms about 18,000 hectares with his son, making him one of the biggest foreign agriculture investors. With only 160 employees he produces 7,000 litres of milk a day and thousands of tons of grain per year. In addition to the amount realised, he annually collects 3 million Euros from Brussels agricultural funding coffers. Small farmers, however, who practise biological, sustainable agriculture on 20 hectares and raise traditional cow breeds, get no agricultural subsidies. That fate is shared by 70% of Romanian businesses. The dominant position of the Austrian is now bringing more and more critics to the scene.
Kenya - Call for Action
$500 billion of development aid has been pumped into the African continent since 1960. In several regions, nonetheless, the standard of living has fallen even further since then. Now, a growing group of African thinkers has been calling for the West to stop sending development aid. "It leads to dependency, lethargy, corruption and exploitation", they say. "Only economic relationships on equal footing with the West can help Africa to advance."
Voices Of Transition
Voices of Transition allows the most important movers and shakers of the shift to biological agriculture to speak in their own words. French, British and Cuban farmers and scientists, 'Permaculture' activists and pioneers of the 'Transition Town' movement show how we can face the challenges of climate change, resource scarcity and imminent famine with radical new methods. These approaches all have one main feature in common - the possibility of building not just a more future-proof society, but also of happier, more liveable local communities.
Climate change is considered to be the biggest risk to nature and mankind. The battle against it is the dominant topic of our times. The environmental organisations have elevated it to the number one priority, and the international community of nations is hoping to halt climate change by spending 100 billion dollars per year. But what is happening to this money? Do the projects actually protect people and nature? In «Climate Crimes» the film makers investigate climate protection and discover some distressing facts: away from global conferences and fine words, destructive mega projects are masqueraded as climate protection. Farmers who no longer produce any food, but instead grow gigantic monocultures with maize, great apes in Indonesia, whose basic of existence, the rain forest, is being destroyed by palm oil plantations ... A film that runs contrary to the zeitgeist of climate protection.
Energy Regions of the Future
Gradually it turns out that our current energy resources are fi nite. Interest in alternative methods of energy supply keeps growing. Today, some regions already seek energy independence, including major areas in Central Europe. While in Lower Austria wind provides the required energy, Salzburg bets on smart power supply systems, so-called smart grids. Others, however, rely on hydroelectric power and biomass. But these new paths alone are not yet suffi cient. At the same time, accompanying measures are taken to reduce energy consumption for «energy guzzlers» and mobility. This fi lm shows the various paths regions take to reduce their dependence on major energy companies.
Before the Flood Comes - Civil Protection in Northern India
Every year during the rainy season, floods inundatewhole regions in north-eastern India. Hardesthit are the people on the lowest rung ofIndian society, the so-called «untouchables». Theylive in primitive villages of mud and straw huts. When the great flood comes, they have no way tofight it and are at its mercy. The development aidagencies ADRA (Adventist Development and ReliefAgency) and Malteser International, which aresupported by the European Community HumanitarianAid Office (ECHO), have been active in themost affected states of Bihar and Uttar Pradeshsince 2007.
Urban Mining - The City as an Everlasting Source of Raw Materials
While the rubbish mountain is growing, raw materials are becoming increasingly scarce and expensive all over the world. For decades, natural resources have been shipped to the industrialised countries and used among other things in tower blocks, mobile phones and cars. Thus, cities contain enormous amounts of raw materials. Researchers and companies are now starting to prospect for urban mines. Precious metals and minerals are to be extracted there. So far, they are stuck in the walls of condemned buildings, long forgotten landfills and disused everyday electronic devices. Those huge and growing urban mines must be explored at great cost and put to use systematically in order to ensure reliable long-term access to raw materials in resource-poor countries.
The Annunziata Convent in the Lower Austrian town of Eichgraben was founded in 1898 as the first Austrian branch of the order of the Franciscan Missionaries of Mary. This convent is now for sale - bad news for the 22 sisters who still live here and have spent the majority of their lives in this community property. But the convent is suffering from a lack of money, and above all from a shortage of new blood. By the end of April a new home needs to be found for the aged sisters. It seems clear that they will no longer be able to live under one roof. Their entry to the order was accompanied by vows of poverty, chastity and obedience.
Forgiven and Forgotten?
Almost a million people - above all Tutsis - were massacred by their Hutu neighbours during the genocide of 1994. The events of the past are still part of everyday life today and retain an enormous significance. Today Hutus and Tutsis often live alongside one another - not only next door to one another, but in many cases with one another. Given the past, how can it be possible to live together? How do people deal with their guilt? How can forgiveness be possible? Ruanda, 2011: Seventeen years have passed since the devastating genocide, to which around 1 million people fell victim. The external traces of this civil war are hardly visible still - but in the hearts and minds of Rwandans, the genocide is far from being over and done with. To the present day everyday life in this small African nation is marked by the after-effects of genocide.
The Mystery of the Mother of God
Every year, the places where Mary appears - Lourdes and Medjugorje - draw millions of pilgrims, fascinated by the mysterious phenomenon in these places of deep piety. The official church seems to be divided when it comes to the phenomenon of Marian apparitions. Whilst the apparitions in Lourdes are officially recognised, there are doubts as to the authenticity of those in Medjugorje. Against which criteria are such apparitions judged? What is the interrelationship between Marian miracles and political, economic and ideological conditions? And what is the fascination that causes believers to repeatedly visit such places?
Life on a Volcano
In the wake of the international financial crisis, Iceland was the first European country to teeter on the brink of national insolvency at the end of 2008. The country's three largest banks collapsed, and the government was brought down by the people's «cooking pot revolution». In the meantime, the economy has started to grow again, and the International Monetary Fund attests to Iceland's remarkable progress. The country owes its comeback not only to financial help from other countries, but also to a rigorous programme of savings. The political system has been renewed by unconventional means. Ordinary citizens are tasked with giving the country a new constitution and in the capital city, Reykjavik, a humour-based party is in charge. The dispute over the repayment of billions-worth of British and Dutch savings deposits may not yet be over, but the people are again looking to the future with confidence.
We are dependent on gas. Gas heats our homes. Gas powers our heavy industry. In the near future, we won't have any alternatives to this limited resource. In Europe, the demand for natural gas will increase significantly until 2030 yet and at the same time its domestic production will decrease. Who will supply us with gas in the future? Whatever we may think of it as an energy source - we need to know the answer. Gas Monopoly is the first feature-length documentary dealing with this hot topic and shows the business in big, strong and spectacular pictures: unknown landscapes, impressing facilities on- and offshore and key players in beautiful and unique rooms.
Small is Beautiful - Leopold Kohr
Globalisation seems to have reached its limits. An economic crisis, crashing financial empires and the consequences of climate change threaten the globalised world. But does this automatically mean we're doomed to collapse? Shouldn't we question the dogma of constant growth? Couldn't a new modesty in lifestyle also offer us new perspectives? Questions like the ones above where asked already 50 years ago by an Austrian-born economistand political scientist, originating from Oberndorf in Salzburg: Professor Leopold Kohr.
The challenges the world is facing today make Kohrs ideas more topical than ever. Discussions about smaller entities, regionality and a new sense of humility as alternatives to globalisation in economics, politics and society are in the air. Does mankind find the way back to human measure after years of gigantism?
The documentation shows how the ideas of Kohr took their journey round the world, left their mark on many countries and regions and finally arrived back in Salzburg in the form of the cultural association Tauriska and the Leopold-Kohr-Academy.
The Collapse of the Golden Calf
In the light of the ever worsening global financial crisis, our belief in the invisible hand of the market has been severely shaken. Security has disappeared. The intransparent mystery of money no longer provides a sense of meaning identity.
This documentary investigates, using the promotional machinery of advertising as an example, how the religion of capitalism has, up until this point, functioned so successfully. However the dark side of the financial system is also highlighted. Well known business people and researches, including Wolfgang Joop and Stephan Schulmeister, take up the question of wether other systems exist, that could present an alternative to capitalism.
World in a Ball
This documentary shows the very contradictory consequences of globalization in a single, remote setting: in the secret world capital of soccer in northeast Pakistan, Sialkot. According to a Pakistani legend, the ball is not only round, but also a "Golden Ball," a "Gola Zareen." In Sialkot, 50,000 workers sew about forty million handmade balls per year. That's seventy percent of the hand-stitched soccer balls on the world market. It takes about three hours to finish a ball. The business, which began more than 100 years ago with the manufacture of balls, hockey sticks, and cricket bats for their British colonial masters, kept booming for decades and is economically important for all Pakistan. Now burgeoning competition is posing a threat: el cheapo balls from China are becoming better and better, and high-tech products from Thailand are becoming cheaper and cheaper.
Mission: Zero Emissions - The Factory of Tomorrow
Over the course of several months they observe fascinating pilot projects as particularly innovative production processes are designed and implemented.The film documents the history of how these projects came about, reports on research progress and setbacks, and shows the hopes of the researchers and the potential of the new technologies. Numerous examples demonstrate how the factory of the future is already working today.How can fossil fuels be replaced by renewable sources in future?How might an industrial and working environment where production is sustainable look in around 50 years' time?What do the factory of the future's eco-intelligent products - products that are produced and used in an eco-friendly way, yet which are still competitive - look like?
Fair Trade or Greed - The Route to a Fair Global Economy
The worldwide economic crisis in the financial markets has not only created losers. Michael Zellner, for example, has reason to be satisfied. His company, Merit, has grown tremendously in the last two years by speculating at the right time on falling share prices. This documentary looks into the question of what conclusions players in the international financial markets have drawn from the crisis. For the representatives of sustainability funds, the crisis has clearly demonstrated that financial investments must take ethical criteria into account too if they wish to prevail in the future. Indeed there are ways, when manufacturing and trading consumer goods, of ensuring that responsibility for mankind and nature can be combined with economic interests. For example, the international «fairtrade» organisation now offers a means of doing this, not only in the foods sector, but also in textiles.
Rice - The Golden Grain
In this film, the Filipino case forms the backdrop for a documentary describing the situation of rice farmers today: Did the golden grain lead to their freedom - or who, in fact, earned "gold" from it?
One Kilogram of Wheat
Three farmers - three countries - one product. How much work goes into the harvesting and selling of one kilogram of wheat for a farmer in Austria, a farmer in Russia and a farmer in the US? What kind of compensation do they get in return? Although they are located in completely different cultural areas, the farms are comparable in size, income and social structure. Making investmentdecisions, coping with new agricultural regulations and dealing with everyday life on the farm - they all act alike but ever so different at the same time.
Fronteira Brazil - The Struggle for Land in Mato Grosso
Globalisation has also been long under way in Brazil: powerful concerns buy up entire rain forests and deforest them in order to plant fields of Soya. This documentary focuses on this vast and invasive reclamation process and its social and ecological ramifications. The starting point is the newly paved tarmac road, the BR163, which runs right through the rain forests of the Amazon. Once upon a time it was natural rubber and gold that drove people into the Amazon looking for wealth or a better life: Today it is the Soya boom. As a result land prices along the BR163 constantly rise and it is often only through illegal land grabbing, that people can secure a spot.
Heat from the Sun
Thermal solar plants are profitable both from the ecological and economic points of view. The film shows smart solutions for self-made as well as communal supply systems based on residual heat which are highly practical, intelligible and geared to people's needs.
La Mattanza - The Tuna Hunt in Sicily
Every year between April and May enormous swarms of tuna pass by the Sicilian coast. The fishermen of Favignana prepare for their biggest catch in an appropriate way. Under the direction of the experienced "Capo Rais," they build the biggest underwater trap in the world, the "tonnara," from which there is no escape. More than 100 fishermen work round the clock for months on the complicated trap 40 kilometers long. It has to work properly when the big moment comes. The Mattanza is a battle for life and death for the fish, and even for the fishermen themselves. Convoys of tourists from many countries come to witness this spectacle of death from the first row of boats. 90% of the tuna catch on Favignana goes to Tokyo as fresh fish. Japanese chefs come to Favignana to select the best fish. The rest is processed for the Italian market in cans. Nature conservationists are not heard on Favignana, since this is a matter of survival for the fishermen and their families.
Total Market Power: The New Religion
Based on these provocative theses by Carl Amery, this documentary essay analyses whether religions can restrain the market.In a rather controversial debate, the floor among others is given to fashion designer Wolfgang Joop, Catholic theologian Jozef Niewiadomski and writer Ernesto Cardenal.
Coffee, Milk and Sugar
For breakfast or with a slice of cake in the afternoon; at work but also in private - for many people their daily life would be unimaginable without coffee. Many drink it black, others in turn with milk and sugar. However, when making a cup of coffee, hardly anybody thinks about the complex commodity-cycle. But globalization could not be made more transparent than with the aid of these three ingredients. This documentary sets out on a journey along the entire chain of distribution and value creation culminating with the consumer, portrays the people behind abstract market mechanisms and, using these three products, attempts to highlight (world) economic structures as well as the alternatives to a seemingly impenetrable globalization.
The Jungle is Calling
A third of the forests here have already been irreparably destroyed; 66 per cent of the clearing is illegal and the people that need the forest for hunting and fishing are being forced out. "Here, war is being waged for land, wood and profits," says Thomas Schweiger, a Greenpeace activist. He was on board the Greenpeace ship "Arctic Sunrise" with a group of activists from 16 nations to battle the illegal activities of the timber companies. And the ORF camera team was there to witness it all.
Making Billions - Between Greed and Ethics
The repercussions are grave: The violent swings in stock prices are being exacerbated by speculation and the enormous rise in food prices is causing the first ever worldwide food catastrophe that has not been caused by droughts, wars or natural catastrophes. This documentary shows how speculation on the world's largest commodities market in Chicago is having an effect on the lives of people around the globe and gives an insight into the function and impact of complex economic systems. The film accompanies the coffee growers and inhabitants of Nicaragua in times of economic crisis, managers of a Hedge Fund on their shopping trip in London and portrays two financial managers who, with their Ethic Fund, have taken a fairer but also highly successful path.
Alpine Meltdown - Just a Few Degrees More
The climate is changing, global temperatures are rising. The impact is already apparent, especially in the mountains - but also in the lowlands. The permafrost zone is movng higher, and the masses of snowmelt sweeping down from the glaciers are increasing year by year. Rivers roar into powerful floods and dwindle to a trickle within minutes. «Alpine Meltdown» takes us to a future world, incorporating the changes that have already occurred and pursuing the question: how will alpine landscapes look - and what animals will they still protect - at the end of the 21st Century?