Greece - The Wild Side
Part I: The View From The Gods
Part II: Surrounded By Blue
Greece is a land of unique contrasts, with wild animals that have disappeared from the rest of Europe, archaic relationships, as befits one of Civilization's sources - and seemingly special powers like Greek Gods!
Part I takes us to isolated places like the Vikos Gorge -Europe's Grand Canyon - where western rock nuthatches make perfect bottle-shaped nests out of the insects they catch! Beneath the Meteora monasteries two male Egyptian vultures fight over the last female; while down below the extraordinary Sheltopusek, a bizarre legless lizard, hunts.
Part II Chameleons on land, cuttlefish in the water: the astonishing colour-changing heroes of the Greek Islands with their startling hunting, mating and reproduction strategies. Add the snakes that spear migrating birds stopping for a drink and a dip, and the valley in Rhodes where butterflies coat the rocks and trees and lizards hoover them up....
Kenya: Big Five - Last Five?
It seems to be a true paradise, and it is a stunning adventure for everybody who experiences his first safari in one of Africa's national parks. The foreigners' focus is mainly on the «Big Five«. Will they be found? Will they be seen? Buffalo, Elefant, Rhino, Lion and even Leopard...? With stunning pictures from air and ground this film explores the most exciting landscapes of Kenya and its wildlife. It shows that not only losing one of the »Big Five« would cause a sobering loss. Kenya's wildlife blooms due to its rich diversity. But it is an unstable diversity which could also brush away other iconic animals like the Grevy's zebras or the wild dogs in short term.
Vietnam - From Green Hell to Green Paradise
This unique land offers ecological diversity and exotic wildlife, some of its animals discovered only a few years ago; a land torn into pieces, burned and destroyed - but now on its way to become paradise again: this is Vietnam. More than 3.000 kilometers of amazing coastline connect the country with the fascinating waterworld of the South Chinese Sea. In the North, where the water is cooler, some of the world's richest Coral reefs can be found. The mountainous regions up in Vietnam's northern parts hide last biological mysteries: some species have been observed for the first time only in our generation.
Maria Theresa - Europe's Mother-in-Law
The Empress arranged her children's marriages to make peace with France, Spain, Parma and Naples. One of these children was Marie Antoinette, who married Louis XVI of France before they were both decapitated. Needless to say, these marriages were largely unsuccessful. Watch as Maria Theresia struggled to balance dynastic responsibility and motherly love.
It may be the world's oldest zoo (Joseph II founded it in 1752), but Schönbrunn is still at the cutting edge of global conservation: Polar Bears in Canada, Elephants in Sri Lanka - even Water Buffalos in Upper Austria! Following Lukas Beck's delightful and emotional first film with Schönbrunn, «A Life for Animals», «Schönbrunn's Ark» now portrays the intimate, dynamic relationships that develop between a zoo's experts and the species they reach out to save, on three continents.
Charlie is a young Bearded Vulture chick growingup among the sheer mountainsides of Switzerland's Engadin National Park. Helped by his family, Charlie will learn how to fly, will watch as his relatives paint themselves in the orange mud that is the preferred make-up of all their kind, and above all: he will be taught how to master the skills of dive-bombing with marrow-bones, his species' unique way toaccess high-nutrition food. But at the age of two Charlie's dark plumage will become paler, and he will be rejected. Then he must fly away, as far as the skies of Milan or Rotterdam, only to return as anadult. Now he will most likely find another chick in his nest, and it's up to him to find his own mate, and cement the new relationship with the vultures' glorious mating flights. Bearded Vultures were eradicated from the Alps by 1907, but in the 1980s they were reintroduced, and now for the first time in acentury, three generations of vultures live side by side.
Meet the Martens
Inspired by Erich Kästner's Conference of the Animals, this film by Kurt Mayer («Planet Sparrow») gathers members of the remarkable Marten family from four continents to an international meeting in Vienna. The venue, a traditional hotel (think «Grand Budapest Hotel») becomes their temporary home. Honey-badgers, wolverines, ermines and stone martens - even otters - each have their own way of making their room their territory, and each room has magical access to the natural habitat they left behind. «Meet the Martens» combines blue chip wildlife photography with the comedy of unexpected encounters between relatives.
Stars and Stripes
Why is a baby deer born with white spots - and why do they disappear as it grows? Why is a young wildboar striped? What makes the stripes fade withage? And why is a thrush spotted when it's young,and striped when it's older? «Somatolysis» is the answer. This ancient Greek expression means «dissolution of the body»: by changingits shape and contour. For many animals it's the key to survival in the critical first days and weeks. Itworks like a magic cloak, that makes hatchlings and youngsters virtually invisible.A female deer leaves her fawn unattended for hours.It's not strong enough to follow her, but she needs to graze to produce milk to feed it. The fawn's only hope is to be invisible. Maybe bright white spots aren't such a bad idea in a meadow full of daisies ...
Mysteries of the Stone Age
They seem to have come from another world: circles and buildings made of gigantic stones. The most famous are Stonehenge in Britain and Carnac in France. But these megaliths from the Stone Age - 5,000 years BCE - are found all round the world, as recent discoveries show. There appears to be a network of sites from the north of Scotland to the Mediterranean (Malta alone has around 30 temples) to the Far East - with gigantic graves in Korea. It's still not clear how ancient civilizations managed to create these fantastic stone structures. How did they lift the huge blocks into place? And what can we learn about those societies? What were the turning points in their history? Was there a secret connection between the cultures that built the megalith circles? New studies and the latest international research reveal fresh clues to the biggest mysteries of the Stone Age.
The Prince and the Chief: Travels in the Interiors of North America
He has been a hero for generations of readers: Winnetou, the noble Apache, created by author Karl May in the late 19th Century. Millions of readers and viewers have been riveted by his adventures, and his friendship with the frontiersman Old Shatterhand. Behind the fiction lies a true story. In April 1833, scientist Maximilian von Wied, a German prince, and Swiss painter Karl Bodmer travelled up the Missouri by steamboat. They planned to observe and record the indigenous peoples and the epic landscape of the American West. During the trip, Von Wied befriended Mato Tope ('Four Bears') the deputy chief of the Mandan Tribe. Thanks to this relationship it became possible for Von Wied and Karl Bodmer to see the world of the indigenous peoples through different eyes. This documentary as well as the writings of Karl May are based on both accounts and memories of Prince Maximilian and Karl Bodmer.
Walks with the Alpine Ibex
They rest by night, a silhouette of snoring and sighing horns, with Capricorn's stars high above in the milky Alpine skies. Only at full moon will they walk. Then the herd moves together, silently, gracefully, peacefully. Like ghosts their horned heads appear on the limestone ridges of the Hochschwab mountains. This massive range absorbs snowmelt and rainfall like a gigantic sponge, supplying a million people in Vienna a hundred miles away with crystal- clear water. Entering the distant, archaic, mystic world of the ibex was Bernhard Schatz's dream. In this unique film we follow the Alpine ibex under Bernhard's guidance over a whole year; we experience the amazing, sometimes hilarious, social behavior of these magical animals, filmed in the heaviest snowstorms and in the cracking summer heat. And with the ibex we also meet their animal companions: chamois, marmots, golden eagles and European adders.
Through a Raven's Eye
The Common Raven is the largest, cleverest and bravest European corvid - brave enough to makeits home in the harsh landscape of the 'TotesGebirge'- the 'Dead Mountains'. This barren limestone plateau at 2,500 meters soaks up rainwater,leaving the peaks bone-dry. Further down, the precipitation creates a paradise of turquoise lakes, pristine springs, moss-covered forests and mysterious moors. The temporary karst springs bring further specialist behaviour: landlocked Danube bleak make short and spectacular migrations to their spawning grounds, and wallcreepers scurry up anddown steep cliffs, looking for larvae; while chamois,ptarmigans and mountain hares eke out a living amongst the jagged rocks. Gliding on silent wings through this landscape of contrasts, the raven takes us on a tour of his realm: this forbidding limestone massif may appear dead - but through the raven's eyes it's anything but!
Bears of the Karawank Mountains
For Slovenia's brown bears the fall of the Iron Curtain freed them to explore. Moving west through gentle Mediterranean countryside they encountered two obstacles: the Karawank Mountains and the Julian Alps. This film tells what happens when inquisitive and intelligent bears cross the biggest natural barriers in search of a new life: fishing, hunting, raiding ants' nests, scooping up berries, even stealing honey as they go. The bears remember exactly where they have been in previous years; they revisit or avoid old haunts, moving ever closer to human civilization. The film sees the stark mountain landscapes and their flora and fauna (wolves and lynx are here too) through the eyes of the bears. Golden eagles, griff on vultures, bats and butterflies, ibex and chamois, red deer and marmots are some of the animals they encounter on the way.
Kestrels at Close Quarters
The drama of life is unpredictable - that's true for wild animals just as for humans. Kestrels have learned to live close to man; they even raise their hatchlings in our cities. This is the story of two kestrel couples bringing up their chicks in the same neighbourhood in the center of Vienna. While destiny rewards one breeding pair with success, the other kestrels face a more brutal fate: they have chosen an unsuitable location to brood and raise their hatchlings. With unflinching observation this film celebrates the family lives of Kestrels, their needs and efforts when breeding, and the life that follows a successful brood. Once the fledglings have learned to fly, parents and offspring face a vital decision: stay in Europe over the winter or head off to southern climes with abundant prey? Whatever they decide, another unpredictable drama of life beckons.
Cuba's Wild Revolution
Cuba has some of the richest wildlife in the Caribbean: 3,700 km of pristine coastline, mountain ranges still draped in primeval forest, swamps teeming with moisture-loving creatures - and much of it thrives because of Cuba's revolution. Decades of socialist government, U.S. embargoes and minimal development have left the island virtually unchanged.
This film will feature Cuba's wildlife where it meets the island's colonial and revolutionary past, and present: from the clouds of vultures riding the updrafts around Havana's legendary 'Habana Libre' hotel to the Cuban boa constrictors making their homes in the deserted mansions of long-gone sugar barons, to the coral-smothered cannon of wrecked Spanish galleons. Neighbors from Haiti to Jamaica may have flushed their natural wealth into the sea; Cuba sits like a green jewel in azure Caribbean waters, pulsing with life.
Europe's Wild West - Portugal
Sustained by water from the mountains, naturethrives in Portugal's north, offering a lush habitat to flocks of Greater flamingo. They seek out river estuariesor abandoned saline pools where they feedon shrimps. The shrimps' eggs survive in dry saltup to 5 years, until conditions are right to emerge. High in the mountains the Spanish imperial eaglehunts rabbits and birds. Montados, forests of corkoaks, are the perfect hideout for Iberian lynx. Herethe great bustard, Europe's heaviest bird, performsa captivating mating dance while reciting a song irresistible to females. The whole display is sometimes watched by a Mediterranean chameleon, Europe's endemic chameleon species. Far in the Atlantic, Madeira's Desertas Islands are the onlyhome of one of the largest and rarest species ofwolf-spider. Here rare Mediterranean monk seals have one of the last colonies, while sperm whales enjoy the ocean's rich feeding grounds.
Wild Way of the Vikings
The world of the Vikings was a world of ice and flames. A world of epic exploration, adventure and discovery. Connected to Nature in a profound way, the Vikings were the first to experience the fabulous wildlife of the Islands of Fire and Ice - Shetland, Iceland, Greenland and beyond.
This unique documentary combines never before filmed animal behaviour with a spell-binding historical narrative, drawn from the very sagas created by the Vikings 1,000 years ago. From killer whales hunting seals to arctic fox clans struggling to feed huge and hungry families. From the wily raven to the noble gyr falcon; walrus haul-outs in the sub-Arctic and vast herds of migrating reindeer, all filmed in 4K splendour. This is the Wild Way of the Vikings
Wild Austria - Created by Water
Part 1: White Water, Blue Water
Part 2: The Flow of Time
Austria's Alpine glaciers, ancient seas and mighty rivers have carved out giant mountains, caves and lakes - key to its wildlife today. Eagles, ibex, marmots and deer are iconic, but there are other, stranger creatures: Goosander ducks breed in hollows high in trees. Just a day old, long before they can fly, the newly-hatched ducklings must leap up to ten meters to join their mother in the brook below. Through glacier melt, via waterfalls,streams and lakes, water finds its way downstream, creating habitats for lynx, wolves and foxes, but also owls, bats, frogs, dragonflies and water birds. They all find their home in Austria's unforgettable landscapes, created by water's endless cycle and ever-changing forms.
Austria's world-famous bird sanctuary, Lake Neusiedl, has its secrets. Hiding in the reeds, the cuckoo conceals his intentions well, fooling some birds - but not all - into bringing up its demanding and murderous offspring. Austria - Created by Water melds overwhelming spectacle with minature high drama in a portrait of a country where water in all its forms brings beauty - and life.
Empire of the Vineyard
A well-tended vineyard nurtures the quality of a wine over generations. But its micro-world is a battleground, an animal empire fought over in hundreds of tiny dramas every day. The irresistible smell of fresh vine leaves tempts deer out of the woods. European and Asian ladybugs swarm out of their underground colony after sleeping through the cold season. They will help save the vines from aphids. Foxes and buzzards eye the young rabbits playing in the morning mists, waiting for a moment's inattention from their wary mothers. An ant-lion lies in wait in its sandy pit, and a European green lizard flashes the flamboyant blue of its neck to impress the females, as it basks on the limestone walls, not far from its natural enemy, a smooth snake. In the South of France the cat-like genet, the top vineyard predator, will dine on rabbits, lizards, snakes and even unwary pigeons, before finishing with a dessert of ripe grapes
Wild Wonders of Iran
Iran's landscapes and wildlife exceed all expectations. In the North, the Caspian Sea abuts on the Elburz Mountains, a massive range at up to 5,600 metres Iran's highest peak, extinct Mount Damavand. Over 50 per cent of Iran is barren deserts or vast steppes. Dasht-e Kavir is one of the biggest salt deserts in the world, while Dasht-e-Lut has Iran's great sand dunes, where deadly saw-scaled vipers battle with the poisonous fat-tailed scorpions, and even with long-eared hedgehogs! Further south, Lake Baghtegan is a vital winter home for thousands of pink flamingos. On Iran's southern shores where the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman meet, pelicans and eagles, sharks and dolphins patrol the coastlines hunting fish and crabs.
The Woman who Knew Too Much: A Cold Case from the Cold War
Brilliant young Austrian economist Margarethe Ottillinger was arrested on 5th November 1948, crossing a bridge between the Soviet and American zones in post-war Vienna. It was a classic Cold War kidnapping. Ottilinger had been researching the Soviet exploitation of Austrian industry, but even after her release from a Russian prison seven years later, she never learned the official reason for her detention and torture. The rumour persisted that she was sacrificed by her boss and lover, the Austrian economics minister Peter Krauland. He had a Nazi past and there was evidence of a complicated web of corruption and political conspiracy. Using latest revelations from Russian and Austrian archives, this film turns a tragic personal story into an iconic account of Cold War deceit and skullduggery.
Luis Trenker - Hitler's Mountain Hero
Luis Trenker is a legend. Best known internationally for his mountain films with then actress Leni Riefenstahl ("The White Hell of Piz Pallü"), he had a controversial movie career under the Nazis and was championed by Italian Fascists, before being reborn after the War telling stories of his life on German television. This documentary shows the highs and lows of a long life, the delicate balance between Hitler and Mussolini, adaptation and resistance, box office success and cinematic art. Was he a Nazi collaborator or opposed to the Regime? Or simply an amoral survivor who never ceased moulding his own image?
The Shape of Africa
Part I: The Ancient Bridge
A Walk on the Wild Side - The Vienna Prater
Vienna's Prater, an expanse of woodland at the heart of one of the world's great cities, was created by the Danube, and shaped by humans over the centuries. Today it is still a remarkable natural oasis. On warm summer days Viennese and tourists flock to the Prater in their thousands. The iconic Big Wheel offers spectacular views of Vienna's urban and wild sides, but few get to see the hidden dramas all around them - the beavers, badgers, roe deer and giant butterflies that take over as soon as the people have left. This film rediscovers the secret residents and surprising wildlife of Europe's oldest pleasure gardens. Specially developed remote cameras with infrared lighting reveal the everyday (or rather night-) life of a badger family, without disturbing these shy nocturnal burrowers.
Mexico's Animal Migrants
Mexico is one of earth's few mega-biodiverse regions. Aside from residents like jaguars, eagles, roadrunners and tarantulas, there are also migrants that come in their millions from all across North and South America. Some animal adventurers set out from Mexico, others return to it or travel through. Snow Geese, Gray Whales, Free-Tailed Bats, Monarch Butterfl ies, Whale Sharks, Rufous Hummingbirds and the River of Raptors: together their stories create a living map of all of Mexico, with its most iconic animals and most spectacular landscapes.
The Secret Life of Snakes
They are among the most hated und feared animals on the planet - only few people recognize their beauty. This documentary features some of Europe's most stunning species, like the European adder, the nose-horned viper, the dice snake, the ringed snake and the Aesculapian snake. After a winter safe in burrows, sometimes in bundles of hundreds, the spring's warmth brings them back to life. Adders at 2,000 metres in the Alps have extra survival skills: they are almost pitch-black to absorb every last ray from the sun, and their offspring are born alive - it would be too cold for eggs. Storks and herons, martens and polecats predate their lower altitude cousins. Most snakes avoid humans. The Aesculapian snake likes to shimmy up trees to catch birds, but it's happiest where humans store grain or dump waste - that attracts lots of mice. And Europe has its own constrictor! So watch out next time you're walking in the park ...
Giants of the Atlantic - Azores
A gigantic underwater mountain range, rising in mid-Atlantic. Only a few peaks near the surface, or reach still higher to build nine green gems: the islands of the Azores. These volcanic rocks, the only toehold between Europe and America, are of extraordinary beauty. The steep shelf of the Azores is a play- and mating ground for several whale species. Here, groups of male sperm whales on their never-ending migration from the Arctic to the Antarctic, meet females. Humpback whales and fin whales breach - and blue whales come here too, to feed on the vast biomass produced in the ocean's depths. Drifting up from the deep, plankton and krill attract huge schools of fish and squid. Portuguese Man O' War drift threateningly on the surface, while undersea caves host cannibalistic shrimps, manta rays and moray eels. On the islands, the volcanoes' grassy craters are a winter home to songbirds from Iceland, Russia and North America, while their craggy outer walls form nests for vast colonies of Cory's Shearwaters.
High Life at Low Temperatures
The summits and sheer mountain ridges of Austria's 'Little Siberia' funnel the freezing air from snow-covered peaks into a gigantic hollow - a high-level plateauat 1,000 metres from which it cannot escape: Lungau is Austria's coldest region. Creeks andstreams start higher here, and create bogs, moors and countless alpine lakes. Summer is short but lively, as eagles rear their precious young and ermines eat their fill before the sparse winter returns, while black alpine salamanders give birth to live miniature versions of themselves beneath the tree-line.
Wild Boar - The Comeback
This is the surprising story of the most underrated animal in our forests - and its remarkable comeback. Hunted, slaughtered and exterminated - that was the European wild boar's fate throughout the last century. But now it's back! Its weapons: wiliness, intelligence, and the ability to cope with society'sencroachments. Just 20 years ago an encounter with a wild boar in central Europe was a rarity. But now in some countries the stocks of wild boarhave become a plague.
The Nero Files - Uncovering an Ancient Conspiracy
He's the most notorious of all Roman emperors. Heburned Rome, he engaged in incest, and killed hismother, his wife and thousands of Christians. Hewas a psycho. But suppose it was all lies? Whatif the «crimes» he committed never happened, orwere normal behaviour for a Roman emperor? Supposehis enemies decided to trash his reputation,and succeeded for two thousand years? Was Neroactually a hero, who took from the rich and gave tothe poor? Historians, psychologists, criminologistsand toxicologists are brought in as this documentaryreopens a cold case. Together they reveal a complexweb of lies, deflections and intrigues. Flashbacksand re-enactments encourage the viewer toexplore theories that are suddenly undermined byunexpected twists. The result: a reassessment ofRoman history. It's time to re-examine the NeroFiles.
The Canary Islands
Part I: Life at the Limit
Part II: The World of the Fire Mountains
The Canary Islands - isolated in the Atlantic Ocean off the North-west coast of Africa. Each island is unique with its diversity of terrain and climate - temperate coastlines, scorching deserts, tropical rainforests and frozen, snowcapped mountains. Here are the features of a small continent, supporting one of the richest and most diverse ranges of native species on the planet.
Part I Wind and water transported pioneer seeds, insects and animals to the isolated islands. They created and flourished in microclimates like the world's only surviving temperate cloud forests. Animals and plants evolved unique features to survive in these lands. The result is startling encounters with eccentric birds and with majestic whales!
Part II Highlights what it takes to survive in an unforgiving habitat, focusing on the fragile balance of life on the edge, in raw landscapes of spectacular beauty. In the ultimate survival story, a rare lizard species clinging on to one single offshore rock was saved by baby seagull droppings, the only food on their whole rocky island!
Wild Caribbean - Rhythms of Life
Part I: Hunters
Part II: Whales and Volcanoes
Part III: Corals and Quetzals
Part I Spectacular action in paradise. From the opening sequence of a sea turtle snared by a tiger shark it's clear that no animal, Hunter or Hunted - above or below the water - can make it through life without a strategy for survival.
Part II When volcanoes burst from the ocean, they attract unique life forms to their steep jungle valleys and black sandy beaches - and create deep sea chasms that pods of sperm whales enjoy so much, they never leave.
Part III Caribbean coral coasts and islands, formed out of living and once-living creatures, are now a labyrinth of life. Every year in a stunning synchronized display of coral spawning, the «flower animals» re-colonise the reefs. Inland, Caribbean cloud forests with their legendary Quetzals are just as magical, but the suffocating sediment run-off from deforestation is now the corals' biggest challenge.
Secrets of Squirrels
Everybody loves squirrels, and yet we only know them from their brief visits to ground level. Now, extraordinary HD storytelling shows them in their own environment: high up in the treetops. This documentary examines their intelligence and explores the deadly struggle for dominance between the two main species. The cute and cuddly russet acrobats are so clever they're drawing increased attention from scientists. Indeed, as they face extinction, they now depend on these scientists fortheir survival. Grey squirrels from North America are spreading fast across Europe, displacing the native red squirrel. This documentary charts both their lovable antics and the life-and-death struggle for survival of an animal that still has plenty of secrets to reveal. It observes a family of red squirrels over the course of a year, as they mate, care for their young, and battle for food and against predators.
Russia's Wild Sea
The Sea of Okhotsk lies between the Kamchatka Peninsula and the Japanese island of Hokkaido: the last and greatest unspoiled ocean on Earth. It can be harsh and unforgiving; temperatures drop to -40 degrees, typhoons and tsunamis lash the shores. But it's also a wildlife paradise where animals grow bigger, stronger and more numerous than anywhere else. Its iconic animals are giant brown bears, the world's biggest sea eagles and the acrobatic spotted seals. Grizzlies here don't all hibernate; some dip into the thermal baths and geysers left by the world's most active volcanoes. The few human inhabitants are held by the glory of the natural spectacles, including the world's largest seabird colonies, orca pods and humpback whales.
Far away, in south east Europe, a country dominated by high peaks and crystal-clear waters is home to a vast range of wild animals: Albania. Lake Ohrid, Europe's oldest lake, in the east, supports hundreds of endemic animals. It has outlived earthquakes, volcanic eruptions and even Ice Ages. The Balkans' largest lake, Lake Scutari, once part of the Adriatic Sea, is a vast bird reserve protecting Dalmatian pelicans, the rarest on the planet. Just 7 meters deep, Lake Scutari hosts a variety of small marshland animals that feed herons, ibis and flamingoes. In the springtime, it is covered by millions of water lilies, perfect shelter for snakes and other predators. This region also hosts the big predators: brown bears, lynx and jackals, in an intact habitat barely disturbed by humanity.This truly is a hidden Eden!
Wild Ireland - The Edge of the World
This film features Ireland's wild wonders as they have never been captured before - from humpback whales breaching off its southern shores, to puffins and manx shearwaters facing the gales of the west coast raising their young on offshore rocks like Skelleg Island. Ireland's shores are grey seal heaven, while inland, the mountain scenes of red deer stags in the rutting season are as impressive as anywhere in Europe. Kestels hunt from a ruined abbey in the burren, Ireland's limestone desert. Basking sharks, dolphins, squirrels, long-eared bats; there's something new at every turn, off-shore and on. Majestic salmon return from the Arctic and swim upriver into the purest freshwaters in Europe - and brave a murderous gauntlet of waterfalls and fishermen. Whooper swans fly back from their Icelandic summer to winter on Ireland's milder lakes; while in Donegal golden eagles fight the gales of the northern highlands to raise their young on the sheer cliffsides.
This stunning metropolis has a flavor of two continents: Asia and Europe, divided and connected by the Bosphorus straits. Though the Bosporus is one of the world's busiest shipping routes you can still see three species of dolphin here, while wild boar are known to swim across! For migrating birds Istanbul is a toehold as they head north for the European spring. Some animals have come tostay: exotic parrots, freed by customs officers, wild wolves invading from the east and mating with city strays, and beech martens, brought here by Egyptian traders and now a permanent fixture in the grand bazaar.
Lost City of the Gladiators
The gladiator school at Carnuntum, Roman city onthe Danube, turned slaves, prisoners, and also volunteerslike our hero Atticus into skilled and brutalentertainers who could be re-exported throughoutthe Empire. Precision, speed and spectacular techniquemade them true sports stars, kept in peakcondition by their vegetarian diet and rigoroustraining. Gladiators earned well and paid privatevisits to wealthy women admirers. But a moment'sloss of concentration in the arena was lethal, andeven in death, the loser must show no Emotion.
The world's least-populated country is home to the largest steppe in the world, a fascinating desert, expansive jungles, mighty mountain summits, swamps, and more than a thousand rivers and lakes. Each landscape has its own climate, flora and fauna: snow leopards hunt argali sheep in the mountains, wolverines and lynx roam the taiga alongside reindeer and mountain hares. The steppes are home to hundreds of thousands of Mongolian gazelles, steppe eagles and Houbara bustards, while wild donkeys, camels and extremely rare Gobi bears inhabit the desert. The Tsaatan and Dukha people wander the taiga with their reindeer, Kazakh herdsmen drive yaks through the mountains and steppe nomads relocate several times a year to find new grazing land. Nowhere in the world are nature and culture so intertwined as in Mongolia. In two episodes, the documentary reveals the wonders of this fascinating country as they have never been seen before.
Europe's Last Nomads
A spectacular ancient tradition is being revived right across Europe: herdsmen leading flocks across the continent through the most savage and extreme landscapes. From Spain's legendary La Manchaplains, the last cowboys of this continent and their cattle migrate into the green highlands of Cuenca. In Romania sheep climb the Carpathian Mountains, all the way to the Ukrainian border, constantly under threat from wolves. On a Welsh island, migrating sheep even generate a habitat for rare birds.
When a female barn-owl's home - an old disused barn - is demolished, she has to seek a new place to live. On the way, flying through forests and across grasslands, she encounters most of the common owl species in Central Europe: long- and short- eared owls, little, tawny and eagle owls, some she can live peace- fully beside, others she must shun or risk becoming their prey. During her journey, the film shows how owls fly so silently and hunt so efficiently. It illustrates what they have meant to humans since ancient times, and how they live beside us today. It explains why they have become - unfairly - associated with death. Our owl finally finds a new home, as the guest of a barn owl family, in time to see the new clutch of young following their mother on their first majestic flight.